Gwangneung Experimental Forest location image
In 1468, King Sejo - the seventh king of the Joseon Dynasty designated a forest as the royal family grave site in which he would be buried and planted red pines, Korean pines and fir trees along the entrance of the forest. In 1911, most of the forest with the exception of the grave area was designated as the experimental forest. In 1912, an experimental nursery and an experimental site were set up in the forest. Since then, the Gwangneung Experimental Forest has played a key role in developing silvicultural technologies.

Namyangju city, Pocheon city and Yangju city, Gyeonggi-do province

Area : 1,072 ha
  • T imber production forest: 508 ha, Natural environment conservation forest: 300 ha,Landscape forest: 221 ha, Water resources management forest: 43 ha
Forest origin
  • Artificial forest (51.5%) : 552 ha
  • Natural forest (48.5%) : 520 ha
Area by forest type
Area by forest type
Area(ha) Proportion(%) Dominant tree species
Coniferous Forest 515 48 Pinus densiflora , Pinus koraiensis, Abies holophylla, Larix kaempferi , etc.
Deciduous Forest 436 41 Quercus serrata , Carpinus laxiflora , Fraxinus rhynchophylla, Acer triflorum, etc.
Mixed Forest 121 11 Pinus densiflora and Carpinus laxiflora, Pinus and Quercus spp., etc.
Total 1,072 100
Growing stock by Forest type
Growing stock by Forest type
Total Coniferous forest Deciduous forest Mixed forest
Growing Stock(㎥) 270,320 147,689 93,777 28,854
Proportion(%) 100 54.6 34.7 10.7
Growing Stock(㎥)/ha 252 287 215 238

Major activities in the Gwangneung Experimental Forest

01 Developing seedling production and silvicultural technologies for restoration
02 Developing forest practices for the increase of forest value
03 Developing technologies for the efficient production of large diameter timber
04 Developing mechanization technologies for enhancing wood and biomass productivity
05 Developing forest road planning and building technologies for the preparation of domestic timber production 06 Monitoring of the long-term change of forest ecosystems

Major activities in the Gwangneung Experimental Forest image(01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 06-1)
  • 01Production of container seedlings of red pine
  • 02Forest tending technologies focused on the increase in carbon sink capacity
  • 03Establishment of a multi-layer forest
  • 04Pulling logs from the forest using of tower yarder
  • 05A wooden structure for slope stabilization and erosion control
  • 06Designing and building of erosion control dams
  • 06-1A flux tower for monitoring the long-term change of forest ecosystems
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