Gwangneung Experimental Forest location image
In 1468, King Sejo - the seventh king of the Joseon Dynasty designated a forest as the royal family grave site in which he would be buried and planted red pines, Korean pines and fir trees along the entrance of the forest. In 1911, most of the forest with the exception of the grave area was designated as the experimental forest. In 1912, an experimental nursery and an experimental site were set up in the forest. Since then, the Gwangneung Experimental Forest has played a key role in developing silvicultural technologies.

Namyangju city, Pocheon city and Yangju city, Gyeonggi-do province

Area : 1,098 ha
Forest origin
  • Artificial forest (50.4%) : 554 ha
  • Natural forest (49.6%) : 544 ha
Area by forest type
Area by forest type
Area(ha) Proportion(%) Dominant tree species
Coniferous Forest 560 51.0 Pinus densiflora , Pinus koraiensis, Abies holophylla, Larix kaempferi , etc.
Deciduous Forest 366 33.3 Quercus serrata , Carpinus laxiflora , Fraxinus rhynchophylla, Acer triflorum, etc.
Mixed Forest 172 15.7 Pinus densiflora and Carpinus laxiflora, Pinus and Quercus spp., etc.
Total 1,098 100
Growing stock by Forest type
Growing stock by Forest type
Total Coniferous forest Deciduous forest Mixed forest
Growing Stock(㎥) 304,552 178,860 77,654 48,038
Proportion(%) 100 58.7 25.5 15.8
Growing Stock(㎥)/ha 277 319 212 279

Major activities in the Gwangneung Experimental Forest

01 Developing seedling production and silvicultural technologies for restoration
02 Developing forest practices for the increase of forest value
03 Developing technologies for the efficient production of large diameter timber
04 Developing mechanization technologies for enhancing wood and biomass productivity
05 Developing forest road planning and building technologies for the preparation of domestic timber production 06 Monitoring of the long-term change of forest ecosystems

Major activities in the Gwangneung Experimental Forest image(01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 06-1)
  • 01Production of container seedlings of red pine
  • 02Forest tending technologies focused on the increase in carbon sink capacity
  • 03Establishment of a multi-layer forest
  • 04Pulling logs from the forest using of tower yarder
  • 05A wooden structure for slope stabilization and erosion control
  • 06Designing and building of erosion control dams
  • 06-1A flux tower for monitoring the long-term change of forest ecosystems
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